Supercomputers Simulated A Black Hole – And Found Something We’ve Never Seen Before

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According to scientists and researchers, black holes emit some intense bursts of light from just outside their event horizon. It had been a mystery to the science that caused the flares . But scientists solved the mystery by involving a series of supercomputers to model the details of black holes’ magnetic fields in detail. Such revelation of details was far more than those revealed before. The simulations point to the breaking of super-strong magnetic fields as the source of the bright flares.

According to scientists, black holes have strong magnetic fields around them. Typically these are just one part of a complex dance of forces, materials, and other phenomena that exist around a black hole. This complex dance has been hard to model. That is why understanding the details of processes happening around a black hole is quite a difficult task.

Dr. Bart Ripperda, co-lead author of the study and a postdoctoral fellow at the Flatiron Institute and Princeton University has utilized three separate supercomputing clusters to produce the most detailed image of the physics reaching across the black hole event horizon.

Magnetic fields played a vital role in developing flares. Specifically, flares formed when magnetic fields broke apart then joined back together. These processes release the magnetic energy that supercharges photons in the surrounding medium, and some of the photons get ejected into the black hole’s event horizon. Some of the photons get ejected out into the space n the form of flares.

Simulations revealed the breaking and making of magnetic field connections that were invisible at previously available resolutions. The most accurate simulations in the world cannot make up for an incorrect model, so previous simulations ignored the basic features of black hole interactions.

The new simulations accurately modeled how the magnetic field works around the event horizon. Firstly, the material gathered in the accretion disk migrates towards the black hole’s “poles” Part of this movement process causes some of the magnetic field lines to break and potentially rebuild with a different field line. In some situations, some quantity of the material is formed that is insulated from other external forces but is eventually shot out towards the black hole itself or the rest of the Universe. This is where flares come from.

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