Coffee lovers keep getting feedback on whether coffee has more side effects or benefits. Now a new study has added more to the list of benefits and stated that it can protect the user from type 2 diabetes. Studies have consistently shown a link between drinking coffee and having a low risk of diabetes type 2. The new analysis, presented by a team in Sweden, has given a number with that reduced risk. People who are moderate to heavy consumers of coffee have a 25 to 29 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes as compared to those who do not drink it at all.
Nearly 29.1 million people in the USA have type 2 diabetes. At least one in 10 adults aged 20 or above in the US have diabetes, and the figure of senior adults is one in every four. Not only type 2 diabetes is a prevalent problem but it is also expensive. The cases diagnosed in 2012 cost $245 billion, and this cost has increased since then. The study was conducted by two researchers from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and can be found in Nutrition Reviews. The research shows a detailed look at 30 significant studies which compared coffee and diabetes. The data included more than 1.18 million participants.
Dr. Carlstrom, professor of physiology and pharmacology, said, “The inverse association between coffee consumption and type 2 diabetes was shown in both men and women.” The study showed that the number of relevant compounds in coffee which provides benefits to drinkers are caffeine, hydroxycinnamic acid, chlorogenic acid, trigonelline, diterpenes, eg, cafestol, kahweol, and caffeic acid. The researchers also compared the effects of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee and the benefits of caffeine are more than its side effects. The study states, “Results for both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee were available in 10 studies. Comparing the highest versus the lowest category, both caffeinated coffee consumption (RR [risk ratio] 0.73) and decaffeinated coffee consumption (RR, 0.80) were inversely associated with risk of T2D. The risk of T2D decreased, respectively, by 7% and 6% per cup-per-day increment of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption.”
Coffee is one of those beverage items which was under debate for a very long time. Studies claimed that it could lead to extensive sleep impairment or more cases of cancer. However, after investigation and research, the WHO removed coffee from the list of possible carcinogens. In addition to type 2 diabetes, coffee can also help to control other diseases like cardiovascular issues, Parkinson’s disease, liver cancer, gout, and cirrhosis. Robert Shmerling, Harvard Health Publishing, said that it is still not clear what in coffee leads to these benefits. He said, “One factor, of course, could be the caffeine, but that can be hard to sort out from the research because many studies do not distinguish whether the coffee is caffeinated or decaffeinated.”