We have put together a list of different engineering degrees and some of the subcategories of engineering that you can specialize in for each as a two-part series. This is the second and final part of the series.
Computer engineering is not another name of software engineering or computer science. Instead, it is focused on the hardware of computers. A computer engineer will work closely with an electronic component design such as enhancing the PCB design or increasing storage capacity. Computer engineers are, however, required to know how to write code and understand how the software operates.
Electrical engineers, also known as Double-Es by other engineers, are focused on electronics, electromagnetism, and electricity. They work closely with biomedical engineers, mechanical engineers, computer engineers, and other engineering fields. This particular discipline of engineering is technical and intricate. It has to deal with a lot of mathematical and scientific understanding. EEs generally work in labs, offices, and even factory floors.
This particular discipline of engineering is a subset of civil engineering but has evolved into a significant discipline of engineering. It is focused on environmental stability, water purity, air purity, and reduction of other hazards from our environment. The environmental engineers work towards the betterment of our environment and design systems to reduce or eliminate hazards from the environment.
Materials Science Engineering
The engineers of this field, work towards the improvement of existing materials or development of new materials. This means that they might be working on new aluminum allows aimed at the automotive market, or they might be trying to develop medical gels that would help in regrowth of human tissue. They play a significant role in space and aerospace industry as well.
This particular field of engineering is among the most common engineering degrees and perhaps the broadest of them all. Practically speaking, you could group about half of the disciplines on this list under the banner of mechanical engineering. This degree focuses on two major aspects; thermal systems and mechanical systems. If it is supposed to increase the temperature or lower it, there is a high probability that a mechanical engineer was involved in the creation of this item.
Nuclear engineering is an integrated field since it requires a sufficient amount of knowledge of various engineering fields. The nuclear engineers have to work on various projects ranging from medical imaging technologies to the nuclear reactors. They need to have a knowledge of environmental, mechanical, chemical, and even electrical engineering principles.
This field of engineering focuses on the extraction and production of hydrocarbon fuels. This can mean anything from natural gas to crude oil. Despite having its setbacks in terms of global warming, it remains a vital part of modern energy production.